What is the significance of ‘QD’ in a medication dose?

  • Common Medical Abbreviations *

    >> Pt = Patient

    >> K/c/o = known case of

    >> C/o = problem of

    >> ∆ *= medical diagnosis

    > > Rx = Treatment

    > > Hx = History

    > > Dx = Medical Diagnosis

    > > q = Every

    > > qd = Every day

    > > qod = Every other day

    > > qh = Every Hour

    > > S = without

    > > SS = One & & half

    > > C = With

    > > SOS = If needed

    > > AIR CONDITIONER = Prior To Meals

    > > PC = After meals

    > > QUOTE = Two Times a Day

    > > TID = Thrice a Day

    > > QID = 4 times a day

    > > OD = Once a Day

    > > BT = Bed Time

    > > hs = Bed Time

    > > BBF = Before Breakfast

    > > BD = Prior To Supper

    > > Tw = Two times a week

    > > SQ = sub cutaneous

    > > IM = Intramuscular

    > > ID = Intradermal

    > > IV = Intravenous

    > > Q4H = (every 4 hours)

    > > QOD = (every other day)

    > > HS = (at bedtime)

    > > PRN = (as needed)

    > > PO or “per os” (by mouth)

    > > Mg = (milligrams)

    > > Mcg/ug = (micrograms)

    > > G or Gm = (grams)

    > > 1TSP (Teaspoon) = 5 ml

    > > 1 Tablespoonful =-LRB- ml

    ~ DDx =differential Medical diagnosis

    Tx =Treatment

    RTx =Radiotherapy

    CTx =Chemotherapy

    R/O =dismiss

    s.p =status post

    PMH( x) =post case history

    Px =Prognosis

    Ix =Indication

    CIx =contraindication

    Bx =biopsy

    Cx =problem …

    Knowledge About Blood *

    1. Which is referred to as ‘River of Life’?

    Response: Blood *

    2. Blood flow was found by?

    Answer: William Harvey *

    3. The overall blood volume in a grownup?

    Answer: 5-6 Litres *

    4. The pH value of Human blood?

    Response: 7.35 -7.45 *

    5. The typical blood cholesterol level?

    Response: 150-250 mg/100 ml *

    6. The fluid part of blood?

    Answer: Plasma *

    7. Plasma protein fibrinogen has an active function in?

    Response: Clotting of blood *

    8. Plasma protein globulins works as?

    Response: Antibodies *

    9. Plasma proteins keep the blood pH?

    Response: Albumins *

    10 Biconcave discs shaped blood cell?

    Response: RBC (Erythrocytes)

    *11 Non nucleated blood cell? *

    Answer: RBC (Erythrocytes)

    12 Respiratory pigments present in RBC?

    Answer: Haemoglobin *

    13 Red pigment present in RBC?

    Answer: Haemoglobin *

    14 RBC produced in the?

    Answer: Bone marrow *

    15 Iron consisting of pigment of Haemoglobin?

    Response: Haem *

    16 Protein containing pigment of Haemoglobin?

    Response: Globin *

    17 Graveyard of RBC?

    Answer: Spleen *

    18 Blood bank in the body?

    Response: Spleen *

    19 Life expectancy of RBC?

    Response: 120 Days *

    20 Overall count is measured by an instrument called?

    Answer: Haemocytometer *

    21 A decline in RBC count is known as?

    Response: Anemia *

    22 A boost in RBC count is referred to as?

    Response: Polycythemia *

    23 A high concentration of bilirubin in the blood triggers?

    Response: Jaundice *

    24 The illness resistant blood cell?

    Response: WBC (leucocytes) *

    25 Which WBC is known as soldiers of the body?

    Response: Neutrophils *

    26 Biggest WBC?

    Response: Monocyes *

    27 Smallest WBC?

    Response: Lymphocytes *

    28 Antibodies producing WBC?

    Response: Lymphocytes *

    29 Life span of WBC?

    Answer: 10-15 days *

    30 Blood cell carries out an essential function in blood clotting?

    Response: Thrombocytes (Platelets) *

    31 Vessels is called?

    Response: Thrombus *

    32 Anticoagulant present in Blood?

    Response: Heparin *

    33 A genetic bleeding disease?

    Response: Haemophilia *

    34 Bleeder’s disease?

    Response: Haemophilia *

    35 Christmas disease?

    Response: Haemophilia *

    36 A kind of Anemia with sickle shaped RBC?

    Answer: Sickle cell anemia *

    37 Viscosity of Blood?

    Answer: 4.5 to 5.5 *

    38 Instrument used to measure haemoglobin?

    Response: Haemoglobinometer *

    39 Who demonstrated blood groups?

    Response: Karl Landsteiner *

    40 Who showed Rh element?

    Answer: Karl Landsteiner *

    41 Blood group which is called Universal donor?

    Response: O *

    42 Blood group which is called Universal recipient?

    Response: AB *

    43 Blood group is most typical among the Asians?

    Answer: B *

    MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY *

    Everybody should know the basic functioning of Body and its main parts in order to express and describe their condition to the Medical professional and at the very same time one must be able to understand the diagnosis expressed by the Doctor in the medical terms. For simple acknowledgment of the Compounded Words utilized in the Medical Terms for calling the illness, Suffixes are contributed to Prefixes. For this hereunder offering you a few such prefixes for your ready recommendation and understanding.

    Prefix – Meaning

    1. Adeno – Glandular

    2. An – Not

    3. Anti – Against

    4. Aorto – Aorta

    5. Artho – joint

    6. Bleph – Eyelid

    7. Broncho – Bronchi

    8. Cardio – Heart

    9. Cephal – Head

    *10 Cerebro – Brain

    *11 Cervico – Cervix

    *12 Cholecysto – Gall Bladder

    *13 Coli – Bowel

    *14 Colpo – Vaginal Area

    *15 Entero – Intestine

    *16 Gastro – Stomach

    *17 Glosso – Tongue

    *18 Haema – Blood

    *19 Hepa – Liver

    *20 Hystero – Uterus

    *21 Laryngo – Larynx

    *22 Leuco – White

    *23 City – Uterus

    *24 Myelo – Spine

    *25 Myo – Muscle

    *26 Nephro – Kidney

    *27 Neuro – Nerve

    *28 Odonto – Tooth

    *29 Orchido – Testis

    *30 Osteo – Bone

    *31 Oto – Ear

    *32 Pharyngo – Throat

    *33 Pio – Pus

    *34 Pneumo – Lung

    *35 Ren – Kidney

    *36 Rhin – Nose

    *37 Spleno – Spleen

    *38 Thyro – Thyroid Gland

    *39 Urethro – Urethra

    *40 Vesico *– Bladder

    Here are the suffixes utilized in Medical terms. Inspect out!Suffix – Implying *

    1. -aemia *: Blood

    2. -algia *: Discomfort

    3. -derm *: skin

    4. -dynia *: discomfort

    5. -ectomy *: removal

    6. -Itis *: inflammation

    7. -lithiasis *: Presence of Stone

    8. -malacia *: softening

    9. -oma *: tumour

    *10 -opia *: eye

    *11 -osis *: Condition, excess

    *12 -otomy *: cut of

    *13 -phobia *: worry

    *14 -plasty *: surgical treatment

    *15 -plegia *: peralysis

    *16 -ptosis *: falling

    *17 -rhoea *: extreme discharge

    *18 -rhage *: to break forth

    *19 -rhythmia *: rhythm.

    *20 -stasis *: stoppage of movement

    *21 -sthenia *: weakness

    *22 -stomy *: outlet

    *23 -tomy *: elimination

    *24 -prize *: nourishment

    *25 -uria *: urine

    Compounded Words – Implying *

    1. Anaemia – Shortage of haemoglobin in the blood

    2. Analgesic – Medication which minimizes discomfort

    3. Arthralgia – Discomfort in a joint

    4. Cephalalgia – Headache

    5. Nephralgia – Discomfort in the kidney

    6. Neuralgia – Nerve discomfort

    7. Myalgia – Muscle pain

    8. Otalgia – Ear ache

    9. Gastralgia – Discomfort in the stomach

    *10 Pyoderma – Skin infection with pus development

    *11 Leucoderma – Faulty skin pigmentaion

    *12 Hysterodynia – Pain in the uterus

    *13 Hysterectomy – Excision of the uterus

    *14 Nephrectomy – Excision of a kidney

    *15 Adenectomy – Excision of a gland

    *16 Cholecystectomy – Excision of gall bladder

    *17 Thyroidectomy – Excision of thyroid gland

    *18 Arthritis – Inflammation of a joint

    *19 Bronchitis – Inflammation of the bronchi

    *20 Carditis – Swelling of the heart

    *21 Cervicitis – Swelling of the cervix

    *22 Colitis – Inflammation of the colon

    *23 Colpitis – Swelling of the vagina

    *24 Cystitis – Inflammation of the urinary bladder

    *25 Enteritis – Swelling of the intestinal tracts

    *26 Gastritis – Inflammation of the stomach

    *27 Glossitis – Inflammation of the tongue

    *28 Liver disease – Inflammation of the liver

    *29 Laryngitis – Inflammation of the throat

    *30 Metritis – Inflammation of the uterus

    *31 Myelitis – Inflammation of the spinal cord

    *32 Nephritis – Swelling of the kidney

    *33 Pharyngitis – Swelling of the vocal cords

    *34 Blepharitis – Swelling of the eyelids

    *35 Cholelithiasis – Stone in the gall bladder

    *36 Nephrolithiasis – Stone in the kidney

    *37 Osteomalacia – Softening of bones through shortage of calcium or D vitamin

    *38 Adenoma -Benign tumour of glandular tissue

    *39 Myoma – Tumour of muscle

    *40 Diplopia – Double vision

    *41 Apoplexy – Formation of a blood clot

    *42 Pyloromyotomy – Cut of pyloric sphincter muscle

    *43 Hedrophobia – Worry of water( Rabies in people)

    *44 Neuroplasty – Surgical repair of nerves

    *45 Pyloraplasty – Incision of plastic pylorus to expand passage

    *46 Hemiplegia – Paralysis of one side of the body

    *47 Nephroptosis – Down displacement of the kidney

    *48 Amenorrhoea – Absence of menstrual discharge

    *49 Dysmenorrhoea – Agonizing menstruation

    *50 Leucorrhoea – Whitish vaginal discharge

    *51 Menorrhoea – Menstrual bleeding

    *52 Haemorrhage – Escape of blood from a vessel

    *53 Arrhythmia – Any deviation of normal rhythm of heart

    *54 Cholestasis – Diminution in the flow of bile

    *55 Haemostatis – Arrest of bleeding

    *56 Neurasthenia – Anxious debility

    *57 Cystostomy – Surgical opening made into the bladder

    *58 Cystotomy – Cut into the urinary bladder

    *59 Hypertrophy – Increase in the size of tissues

    *60 Haematuria – Blood in the urine

    *61 Glycosuria – Existence of sugar in the urine

    *62 Albuminuria – Existence of albumin in the urine

    P.S = Lastly I discovered the lost note of 1st year ward rotations!

    Thank you!

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