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1. Alexander Attack on India (326 BC)
Alexander the Great attacked India in 326 BC.The Battle of the Jhelum river against a regional Indian King, Porus. Though he handed over the power to Porus later.
2. Seleucid attack (305 BC)
Seleucus I Nicator, founder of the Seleucid dynasty and one of the Alexander’s former generals, attacked northern India and Pakistan in 305 BC. (now Punjab)
Seleucus sent an ambassador named Megasthenes to Chandragupta’s court in Patliputra.
3. Indo-Greek dynasty – (180 BC-10 AD)
In 180 BC, the Indo-Greeks, invaded parts of northwest and northern India and ruled in the Punjab region.
4. Mohd. Bin Kasim
In the year 710 AD, Muhammad bin Qasim invaded Sindh region and won against Raja Dahir.
5. Mahmud of Ghazni
During th year 997 AD to 1030 AD, Mahmud of Ghazni invaded India but against failed to settle over here.
6. Mu’izz al-Din (Ghurid Dynasty)
He was defeated by Prithviraj Chauhan in the Battles of Tarain during 1191 to 1192.
Other invaders will be coered in the maps/pictures below.
8. Mongol Invasion
The Mongol Empire launched several invasions into the Indian subcontinent from 1221 to 1327, with many of the later raids made by the unruly Qaraunas of Mongol origin. The Mongols occupied parts of modern Pakistan and other parts of Punjab for decades.
In 1525 Babur set out to attack and conquer India. He had only about twelve thousand men with him but he had been promised help by Daulat Khan Lodi, the governor of Punjab. They planned to march together against the ruling Sultan Ibrahim Lodi, who was the king of Delhi.
8. Colonial India
Company rule in India: 1757–1858 Dutch India: 1605–1825
Portuguese East India Company: 1628–1633 French India: 1769–1954
Vasco-di-gama in Calicut
9. British Rule
The British Raj was the rule of the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
India was not a single country like it is today. Indian sub-continent had many independant nations. So, don’t take these invasions personaly. On the other hand, I’ll try to list the countries that invaded this land mass below.
- Father Bacchus (3000 BC)
- Lord Hercules (1300 BC)
- Cyrus the Great (580 BC – 529 BC)
- Alexander the Great and his general (326 BC and 305 BC)
- Indo-Greek kingdom (180 BC to 10 AD)
- Indo-Scythians (Shakas) (150 BC to 400 AD)
- Kushans (30 AD to 375 AD)
- Huns (Hungarians) – (458 AD to 542 AD)
- Mohd. Bin Kasim (around 710 AD)
- Mahmud of Ghazni (aound 1000 AD)
- Mu’izz al-Din – Ghurid Dynasty (around 1200 AD)
- Mongols (between 1221 AD and 1327 AD)
- Timur – Timurid Empire (now Kazhaksthan) – 1398 AD
- Moghuls (between 1526 AD and 1857 AD)
- Nadir Shah of Iran – Afsharid dynasty – (1739 AD)
- Dutch India: 1605 AD – 1825 AD
- Danish India: 1620 AD – 1869 AD
- French India: 1668 AD – 1954 AD
- Casa da Índia: 1434 AD – 1833 AD
- Portuguese East India Company: 1628 AD – 1633 AD
- Ahmed shah abdali – Afghanistan – (1748 AD to 1767 AD)
- East India Company: 1612 AD – 1757 AD and as British Raj (India) 1757 AD to 1947 AD
- Germans attacked British India – WW I (1914 AD)
- Japanese Attacked British India – WW II (1942 AD to 1945 AD)
- Also, Srilanka has invaded Southern India along with their ally Pandians many times throughout their history
- China – 1962 AD till now…and so, atleast 26 countries and counting…
Soldier boards plane and man won’t let her sit, then this occurs.
A man asked her to leave her seat. She didn’t realize why until she got a note explaining everything.
A: Well taking from Historical and Modern Records-
- United Kingdom
- Japan (thanks to Sumanth)
Not a comprehensive list, can be expanded.
Two – Macedonia and Britain.
Others came and stayed here forever as and integral part of India. They were instrumental in developing the Idea of India.
Macedonians came, conquered and left without much impact.
Britishers Invaded in True sense. They came here for commercial Loot, They found an opportunity for Political and Financial Loot, then they looted Social, intellectual and cultural wealth too. They invaded and left us wounded, humiliated and tobe suffered for centuries in endless conflicts of Caste and religion.
Lets roll from 6th century BC:-
1) Darius -I invaded Indus valley , 515 BC
2) Alexander of Macedon, 327-325 BC
3) Indo- Greek Kingdoms, after 180 BC
4) Shakas, 1st century BC
5) Kushanas, 1st century AD
6) Huns, 450 AD
7) Arabs under mohd bin qasim, 711 AD
8) Invasions by Mahmud of Ghazni, 1000-1025 AD
9) Invasion by Mohd Ghori, 1175 AD
10) Invasions by mongols, 1297-1311 AD
11) Invasion by taimur , 1398 AD
12) Invasion by Babur, 1526 AD
13),Invasion by Nadir Shah, 1739 AD
14) Invasion by Ahmed Shah Abdali, 1748 AD
15) Colonial power invade in the garb of business men, starting with Portuguese in 1498, ending with British, Dutch, french
India becomes colony of British in 1857, officially. French had Pondicherry, and Portuguese had Goa, Daman, diu.
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Beginning from ancient history and taking into consideration those tribes which settled in India after invading it:
1-A lot of countries of present day Central Asia would fall in the category as both Aryans and Huns came from this part.
2- Persia (Present day Iran)
7- Saudi Arabia
Considering 10 & 11 because they had established colonies although small, on Indian soil.
What if I told you, that the two countries with the greatest military histories, having won the most Battles in all of human history, are neighbours.
The British and French, sit beside one another, above all others, in the annals of military history, with 1105 and 1115 battles won respectively, for a very good reason.
Short answer: the country that has been invaded the most is — France. By whom is — Britain.
> The Frog glared suspiciously at the Roast Beef.
People often boil the fierce rivalry between these two rivals, down to just the Hundred Years’ War, but this is a mistake. The British and French were amongst the greatest military powers in Europe for practically all of their existence, naturally, this resulted in a bitter rivalry and a near-constant state of war between the two kingdoms.
Meaning, for most of the last thousand years, these two titans waged near-endless conflict, and when not at war they bickered like an old married couple, or better yet, neighbours who hurled scathing insults, war arrows and cannonballs over their shared garden fence. By the time Cannons were actually introduced to the battlefield at the end of the Hundred Years’ War, the two had already been waging unbroken war against each other for three centuries.
Here we see some Frogs taking a beating from Roast beefs on yet another Battlefield in France.
> After 300 years of waging war, the rivals decided that introducing music would make their battles more fun — unsurprisingly, the musicians from both countries took it too far and started having “music battles” that were even captured in paintings.
But this endless cycle of warfare and bickering between the French and British raged for much longer than just one Hundred Years, — having more accurately begun in 1109 and not ceased until 1815. — Seven Hundred Years of War.
Naturally, this involved one country invading the other and the English/British being an island people, held the edge at sea, meaning they were the ones to invade France, — they did this a lot.
The Anglo-French Wars, of which there were many, were highly competitive with victory barely pausing disputes, wi…
Disclosure: I am Kashmiri.
India is occupying Kashmir for the same reason it is occupying Delhi or Bombay or Kanyakumari. Kashmir is core to Indianness and has been for 5000 years.
Kashmiri is an IndoAryan language. Kashmiris are genetically Indian, solidly part of the cline that spreads from South India northwards. The place screams Indianness. Baramulla, Varmul in Kashmiri, Varah Mula in Sanskrit. What does it mean? You have to be Indian to know. Jhelum is Vyath in Kashmiri, the Vitasta river. What does it mean? You have to be Indian to know. Grapes are angoor in Hindi, from Persian for grape. Not in Kashmiri. It is daach. Sanskrit draksh.
Indians can be parochial, so everyone outside their village can feel different. I am not discounting that.
Gilgit-Baltistan is Indian also and has always been.
India was land of prosperity , peace , wealth , richness.
- Oldest Civilisation – Indus valley Civilisation 5000 years old
- Oldest city – Varanasi is world’s oldest continuously inhabited city.
- Oldest language – Tamil & Sanskrit
- Oldest University -Taxila & Nalanda
- Oldest Religion – Sanatam dharma
- Beautiful Architecture of temples with idols made of gold
- Birthplace of world’s 4 religions – Hinduism , Buddhism , Jainism , Sikhism
- Where Education, dance , music , arts were worshiped in form of Saraswati
- Where wealth is worshiped in form of Laxmi
- Land of Kamasutra
- Land of Ayurveda
- We never attacked anyone because we had everything.
- Jantar Mantar Indian scientists could calculate position and movement of celestial bodies with high level of accuracy before anyone in world
- Diamonds are thought to have been first recognised and mined in India, many centuries ago along the rivers Krishna & Godavari . Diamonds have been known in India for at least 6,000 years
- Konark Temple – Blacksmiths created first of its Architecture in creating iron beams to hold big bocks , this technology is still used
- Ruins of Indian temples (Hampi , Mahabalipuram , Konark ) speak a lot about Indian Architecture and prosperity , North India faced multiple invasions who first looted temples of their wealth and then destroyed them.
- Water buildings in Rajashthan were built with ancient science & technology , water harvesting , water storage techniques
- Cotton was given to world by India , 5000 years ago people Indians domesticated cotton.
- Rhinoplasty began in India
After Gupta rulers no Indian king could unite Indian independent regions, kings kept fighting with each other – this was taken advantage by Mongols ,
Afghanis , Persians , Mughals and then British
- Alexender 330 BCE
- Arab Invasions
- Turkish Invasions – Timur
- Timur executed 100,000 captives
- After three days of citizens uprising within Delhi, it was said that the city reeked of decomposing bodies of its citizens with their heads being erected like structures and the bodies left as food for the birds. Timur’s invasion and destruction of Delhi continued the chaos city would not be able to recover from the great loss it suffered for almost a century
- Mahmud of Ghanzi conquered and destroyed thousands of Hindu temples during his raids including the famous Somnath Temple which he destroyed in 1025 AD ,killing over 50,000 people who tried to defend it.
- In the time of Maharawal Jait Singh, Alauddin Khilji besieged the fort of Jaisalmer, and after seven months, 24000 women committed Jauhar ( burning to death of the queens and female royals of Rajput kingdoms)
- Ala ud-din Khilji ordered to kill them all in a single day. In 1298, between 15,000 to 30,000 people near Delhi, who had recently converted to Islam, were slaughtered in a single day, due to fears of an uprising. Their women and children were made slaves
- This was the period when the Sikhs were sawed into pieces,burnt alive,their heads crushed with hammers and young children were pierced with spears before their mother’s eyes
- Nader Shah killed more than 100,000 people in Delhi and carried off all of the gold and valuables.
- Aurangzeb had started his career as a but-shikan (iconoclast) 13 years before he ascended the throne at Delhi
- Slave Dynasty
- Lodhi Dynasty
- British East India Company
- British Raj
Our history was written in blood by these invaders , sadly hardly anything is even mentioned in NCERT history books.
Hindu Kush mountains got its name from Hindu ( Hindus ) Kush (chop slaughter ) , They would come , loot , rape and take lakhs of people as slaves.
India was among the hardest of major civilizations to conquer. Over the past 3000+ years very few outside powers were able to break past the Indus river forming India’s northwest boundary. Let’s look at the maps of some of the greatest conquests. You can notice that all of them stop near the present Indian border.
Achaemenid Empire (Persia)
Not just the conquest from the western side, even from the north it was the same story.
Genghis Khan & Mongols
Question is how could all these great conquerors – Alexander, Darius, Genghis Khan had to stop at the present Indian border. Part of it is out geography and part of it is due to the strong domestic empires. Contrary to popular myth, Indian empires – especially those near the border were tough fighters. Even a small local ruler like Puru could fight Alexander’s marauding troops at an equal footing.
One mistake people often make is in the definition of invasion. An invasion means a part of your territory becomes a part of someone else’s territory. For instance, Britain invaded India as India became a part of somebody else’s political unit. Romans invaded Britain, because the territory began to be ruled from Rome. In most attacks in case of India, it was merely attacks/raids on a part of the country that was quickly reversed. This was the case in case of Ghazni’s or Timur’s attacks – not too much different from the terror attacks of the modern day experienced in Mumbai and elsewhere.
The ones who could break past the defenses, found it hard to capture any more than say 10% of the territory. Most often it would be in the northwest corner of India.
The few who could really get past through had a tough time staying put. Thus, historically no major part of subcontinent really became a part of another empire.
For instance, Babur won a key battle for India’s north, but in a few years his empire went to a naught. It was his grandson who actually built an empire and he was as much an Indian like any other. This is the next main story – the few who really manage to both break and stay put become Indian in every sense.
Akbar was born in India, ruled in India, died in India, thought like an Indian and I don’t see why his empire was not Indian. British Raj was the only real exception and Britain was capturing all over the world. Innovations in textile production and railways also helped it. Even there, the empire lasted only little more than 150 years and India emerged without much changes to the society or demographics. Had Britain stayed a few more years in India, it risked getting Indianized itself [already you can notice curry and Indian origin words in British culture]. By moving out quick, Britain escaped Indianization while all of its other “conquerors” did not.
This is why India among the large civilizations has a direct link to its iron age civilization – in language, culture, religion, name etc in a fairly unbroken way. In case of every other civilization, the names [as seen from the outside], religions all vanished with time that the religion of the past are restricted to the museums. There is not a single major civilization that has not had sizable amount of external attacks & invasions.
We study about the few conquests, because they were exceptions rather than the rule.
India is, in the shortest answer possible, a beast in military, economic, social, and even geographical terms.
First, the geography.
India has a surface area of approximately 1.3 million square miles, which makes it five times larger than the state of Texas and the 7th largest country in the world. This 1.3 million square miles consists of a variety of lands, but namely mountainous terrain up north, deserts in the west, and forests everywhere. And every six months, the country goes through a “wet monsoon,” which is to say that every several months, the country experiences winds that move in ways such that water just pours down on the country constantly.
This would stretch any invader’s resources to the breaking point, and it only gets worse.
India is described by most military experts as having the 4th most powerful armed forces in the world. Not only does the country have a massive number of weapons and soldiers, but it’s been modernizing itself for a while now, and it’s been growing quickly. Given enough time, by the 2020s, it won’t be surprising if India rivals China pound-for-pound.
Hell, the country even has a large nuclear arsenal. Granted, it’s smaller than other nations, but it still has more than 100 nuclear weapons, more than capable of ruining the day of any nation attacking it. And that number is growing.
All of this is backed by the second-largest population in the world and one of the world’s top 10 largest economies, along with a growing industrial capability.
In layman’s terms, India is not to be fked with.